Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Children of prenatal alcohol abuse -- Counseling of; Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders;
Concern over the consumption of alcohol and pregnancy have existed since the beginning of time. Reaching as far back as the Biblical era, women have been warned about the potential dangers and lasting effects of mixing alcohol and pregnancy together (D'Entremont, 1990). Despite unpublished 19th and 20th century scientific observations clearly describing the effects of alcohol on newborn babies and developing children, it has not been until the last 20 years that these problems have been given official recognition and labeled by the health and medical professions as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, or FAS. As recently as 1973, alcohol was still being recommended to pregnant women as "better than a sleeping pill..." (Ellis & _Cusack, 1991, p. 9).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
1 PDF file (28 leaves)
©1993 Martha J. DeVault
DeVault, Martha J., "Fetal alcohol syndrome and the role of the school counselor" (1993). Graduate Research Papers. 2194.