Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Adult education--Computer-assisted instruction; Adult learning; Continuing education; Open learning;


The purpose of this literature review is to describe how instructors can build interactive online courses that will enhance student learning, enjoyment, motivation, and success in an online distance education course. It is intended to be a resource for instructors to use when planning and preparing to teach an online course. This literature review should help instructors understand who adult learners are and what motivates them to succeed; why using an instructional design model will help save time, money, and increase the success of the course; and how to use the technology available in the online environment to build online activities, or e-tivities, to increase student learning, motivation, and success in the online course. This reviewer has found that motivation is one of the most important elements of learner success when taking an online course and one way to increase motivation and course satisfaction is to incorporate e-tivities into the online learning environment. This reviewer recommends that as institutions build their online course offerings, those building the courses should be offered research based resources and training before planning, designing, and developing an online course.

Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Leigh E. Zeitz


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (v, 39 pages)



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