Open Access Graduate Research Paper
This literature review inquired as to how fluency relates to comprehension, what sub-skills are necessary to ensure the development of a fluent reader, and what the top two fluency intervention programs available were according to the What Works Clearinghouse. The author of this literature review used peer-reviewed literature, personal communications, and observations from her first grade classroom to come to the conclusion that beginning readers' fluency led to comprehension. But, when readers have a command over accuracy and fluency then comprehension and fluency were reciprocal skills. The author of this literature review goes on to depict the sub-skills needed to produce fluent beginning readers; namely, phonemic awareness and phonics. The author then describes the top two fluency interventions available to educators as deemed by the What Works Clearinghhouse.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Division of Early Childhood Education
Jill M. Uhlenberg
1 PDF file (46 leaves)
©2009 Kim Vierkant
Vierkant, Kim, "Instructing for fluency in the first grade" (2009). Graduate Research Papers. 1656.