Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Confidential communications -- Student counselors; Educational counseling -- Moral and ethical aspects


School counselors are continually challenged with legal and ethical issues. According to Remley (2002), school counselors seem to face more legal and ethical issues than counselors who practice in other settings. Numerous situations or topics can be placed under the term legal issue or ethical issue, however, this author has chosen to concentrate on the legal and ethical issue of confidentiality in counseling. There seems to be much confusion among school counselors dealing with confidentiality issues. According to Mitchell, Disque, and Robertson (2002) "Research indicates that counselors struggle when faced with issues surrounding confidentiality rights of minors and rights of parents" (p. 156). Clarification is needed regarding what confidentiality is, whom confidential rights belong to in the school setting, and when to breach these confidentiality rights. In this paper, the meaning of and the need for confidentiality will be clarified. Informed consent practices and rights of minors, parents, and third parties will be addressed. Finally, record-keeping procedures, how to respond to demands for information, and the limitations of confidentiality will be addressed.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Leadership and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Ann Vernon

Second Advisor

W. P. Callahan


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (24 leaves)



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