Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Gender identity disorders;


This literature review discusses Gender Identity disorder disputes and influences from research. Choosing a sex (male or female) is not something people consciously decide. However, there are individuals who do need to decide a sex that is not his or her chosen identity. When an individual chooses to dress as the opposite sex this creates discussion of nature versus nurture, and other dilemmas experienced by society and GID individuals. Most transgender individuals seek some form of medical or mental assistance; therefore, it is necessary for mental health counselors, doctors, and social workers to be aware of Gender Identity Disorder indicators. GID clients usually seek emotional, social, and medical reliance in order to create a better quality of life.

The focus of this literature review was to understand different studies perspectives , and the dilemmas transgender/sexual individuals' experience. The information discussed in this literature review range from civil rights, spiritual aspects, and counseling considerations. Transgender/sexual quality of life is evaluated from a mental health counseling perspective and information for a counselor's awareness is discussed for counseling suggestions from research studied.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Educational Leadership, Counseling, and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Jan Bartlett


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Date Original


Object Description

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