Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Educational technology; Education, Elementary--Computer-assisted instruction;


Many teachers understand the benefits of integrating technology in K through 5th grade classrooms, however, technology is not being effectively integrated. The purpose of this review is to identify the barriers of technology integration in kindergarten through 5th grade and discuss ways in which to remove those barriers. This review includes many research articles, books, websites, a blog, and an interview.

For the purposes of this review, the barriers to integration have been divided into two categories: first and second-order barriers. First-order barriers are extrinsic to the teacher and include issues such as lack of time, money, and technical support. Second-order barriers are intrinsic to the teacher and are often the underlying causes that prevent integration from occurring.

The results of this review conclude that for true technology integration to occur, second-order barriers must be addressed. Within this review, several ideas are presented that will assist educators in removing the barriers that currently exist in technology integration.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Leigh E. Zeitz


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (v, 33 pages)



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