This practical article was based on a lesson conducted with third graders from an elementary school in the Midwest who were studying concepts about sound. The lesson activities address Next Generation Science Standards that include engineering concepts, along with integrating activities that support National Core Arts Standards. The students created instruments that made music but that were not the standard string, percussion or wind orchestral instruments that they had previously studied: string, percussion, or wind. Their instruments made of recycled materials included drum and shaker combinations, animal-shaped instruments, and instruments that combined three or more instruments.
Foss, P. L., & Borsay, K. D. (2018). Exploring the physics of sound with STEAM-azing third graders. Journal of STEM Arts, Crafts, and Constructions, 3(2), 24-31.