Eurosta, Tephritidae, gall, goldenrod gall fly.
Eurosta Jolidaginis (Fitch) can parasitize Solidago canadensis without forming a gall. This non-gall former apparently escapes most of the parasitism and predation of the gall forming fly. Levels of host-plane infestation by non-gall formers may approach the frequency of gall formation.
Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1989 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Stoltzfus, W. Bryan
"A Non-gall Forming Eurosta solidaginis (Diptera: Tephritidae),"
Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS: Vol. 96:
, Article 4.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/jias/vol96/iss2/4