Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


In the past thirty years, stress in American society has been examined from a myriad of aspects. Researchers have approached the study of stress and its resultant complications from a sociological base (McGrath, 1956) and a psychological base (Gentry & Parkes, 1982). Stress has been explored as industrial stress (McLean, 1974). Conditions of social class variables (Syme & Berkman, 1976) and the stresses of working women (Jacobsen, 1982) have been documented. No matter what aspect or approach these researchers used, the basic definition of stress in all of these discussions continues to be one formed by Dr. Hans Selye. Selye (1956) was an endrocrinologist (sic) whose now classic definition of stress was "The nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it" (p. 26). This response to demands is particularly evident in the workplace. This paper attempts to clarify stress factors in that workplace, specifically in a hospital setting. The effects of stress on nurses, patients and the medical organization will be considered and healthy or adoptive coping mechanisms will be reviewed.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Robert T. Lembke


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