Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The field of counseling has rapidly expanded during the past two decades while seeking more effective and more efficient means of helping people meet individual and collective needs. Concurrently, American society has witnessed an intense increase in personal and social problems. Educational institutions have been plagued with acts of disruption and violence. The family system has been jolted by an unprecedented rise in the divorce rate which was recently projected at a ratio of one divorce for each two marriages (U. S. Dept. of Justice, 1975). The emotional well-being of the citizenry has often been questioned in light of the quantities of legal and illegal drugs or substances consumed each year. During 1974 the category of nonprescription sleeping aids alone yielded a retail sales volume of thirty four million dollars (U. S. Dept. of Justice, 1975). Such a demand has suggested that millions of people were seeking relief from various forms of emotional distress.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of School Administration and Personnel Services

First Advisor

Robert T. Lembke


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