Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The accurate evaluation of an employee's performance, whether it be a salary or wage worker, is one of the most challenging problems confronting any organization. According to Lazer (1977), which is still true today, performance appraisal is absolutely necessary if an organization is to prosper in the highly competitive world of modern business.

Regardless of all that has been written about the how and why of performance appraisal, there still seems to be constant problems and areas of clear disagreement. Published writings about performance appraisal cover approximately the past 30 years and deal mostly with private corporations. Before that, performance appraisal systems were used in the public sector, but the guidelines for their development and use were not widely circulated.

As organizations developed and became larger, a discreet and persistent ethic evolved. This ethic said that if we grow, we ought to know more about whom to select, how to supervise, and how to assess performance for promotion and salary decisions. What had once been an informal process, with a good amount of flexibility, had to be changed and standardized for use with more employees at all levels in the organization (Keil, 1977).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Industrial Technology

First Advisor

John T. Fecik

Second Advisor

Michael White


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (33 leaves)



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