Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Teachers who work with children on reading in the early primary years would likely be excited to discover a program that is effective in helping to prevent reading failure (Jones, 1991). Early intervention and reading success have become very important as "expectations have become increasingly high and unrealistic as the curriculum from upper grades has been pushed down to lower levels, thus dooming large numbers of young children to inevitable failure" (Charlesworth, 1989, p. 5). With these increasing demands of the educational system in America, effective intervention for at-risk children is a necessity. For young children to become successful learners, they must first become successful readers. Boehnlen (1987) states, "Children who do not learn to read by the end of first grade will fail to achieve in almost all other areas of school curriculum" (p. 32). Therefore, instruction that prevents reading failure will allow students the opportunity to become successful in other areas of the curriculum.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Junko Yokota


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