Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The number of couples who have voluntarily chosen not to have children has doubled in the last few decades, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, Census Bureau, (Kantrowitz, 1985). In 1960 the number of married women between the ages of twenty-five and twenty-nine who were childless totalled [sic] thirteen percent, which averaged one out of ten women (Kantrowitz, 1985). In 1985 the number of married women in the same age group who chose not to have children was twenty-nine percent, which averaged one out of every four women (Kantrowitz, 1985). The only option for married women, in the past, was motherhood, however this has changed. Consequently, there was a total of nearly 3.3 million women between the ages of twenty-five and thirty-four who had been married and who had never had a child (Kantrowitz, 1985).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Ann Vernon


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