Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Counseling in middle school education;


The middle school years have been labeled a turning point, and for good reason. Children in the early adolescent stage, normally considered to be ages 11 to 14 , are at a developmental crossroads, which makes this a critical period for their future life course (Elias & Branden-Muller, 1994). Their bodies undergo more changes during this stage of development than at any other time in their life, except infancy (Vernon, 1993). In addition to this they are experiencing drastic hormonal, pubertal, emotional and social changes as well. How young adolescents cope with the many challenges they have to face during this period will play an important role in the type of person they will become as adults. Their choices are often guided by what they value, which in turn dictates how they choose to live their lives. These lifestyle choices will become more and more integrated into their adult personality (Mauk & Taylor, 1993).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Ann Vernon


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Date Original


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