Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Calculators; Mathematics--Study and teaching (Middle school);
Calculators can be a catalyst for all mathematical learning. Arithmetic skills are necessary life tools. Doing mental math requires basic facts mastery with estimation skills. Using a calculator successfully and evaluating the answer requires an understanding of the necessary arithmetic processes and the ability to identify a reasonable solution.
Like all technology available in the K-12 school setting, calculators should be viewed as tools to facilitate learning and logical reasoning. Students need to be prepared for the jobs of the future, many of which occupations have not yet even been created. The motivation for learning any skill in life is that skill's eventual application. Using calculators will allow children to learn how to problem solve, a critical aptitude for success in these novel, and as yet, uncreated vocations. Calculators need to move past the "check problems" tool and onto the new role of problem-solver (Schmidt, 1997).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Sharon E. Smaldino
1 PDF file (20 pages)
©1998 Debra Lynn Kuehne
Kuehne, Debra Lynn, "Calculators in middle school mathematics classrooms" (1998). Graduate Research Papers. 1034.