Increase in cone biomass and terpenophenolics in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) by treatment with prohexadione-calcium
cone biomass, developmental stage, hops, Humulus lupulus, prohexadione-calcium, terpenophenolics
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Humulus lupulus L. (hop), a specialty crop bred for flavor characteristics of the inflorescence, is an essential ingredient in beer. Hop inflorescences, commonly known as hop cones, contain terpenophenolic compounds, which are important for beer flavoring and of interest in biomedical research. Hop breeders focus their efforts on increasing cone biomass and terpenophenolic content. As an alternative to traditional breeding, hops were treated with prohexadione-calcium (Pro-Ca), a growth inhibitor previously shown to have positive agronomic effects in several crops. Application of Pro-Ca to hop plants during cone maturation induced increases in cone biomass production by 1.5-19.6% and increased terpenophenolic content by 9.1-87.3%; however, some treatments also induced significant decreases in terpenophenolic content. Induced changes in cone biomass production and terpenophenolic accumulation were most dependent on cultivar and the developmental stage at which plants were treated. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Original Publication Date
DOI of published version
Kavalier, Adam R.; Pitra, Nicholi J.; Koelling, Jared M.; Coles, Mark C.; Kennelly, Edward J.; and Matthews, Paul D., "Increase in cone biomass and terpenophenolics in hops (Humulus lupulus L.) by treatment with prohexadione-calcium" (2011). Faculty Publications. 1923.