Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Communism--Study and teaching;


Following World War Two, the United States and the Soviet Union became the chief rivals for world leadership. Because of this, communism replaced fascism as the totalitarian ideology of most concern to Americans. This new situation brought with it a series of problems for the public schools: Should secondary schools teach about communism? How should this topic be approached? What materials should be provided for use by high school students?

For a time, public hysteria prevented the logical resolution of these problems. George B. Bruntz describes this period in the following way:

There was a time when the mere mention of the term communism in a classroom made the teacher suspect. Using the word, except as a term of derision and hate, was sufficient grounds to have the teacher harassed by patriotic groups and, in some instances, dismissed from his position.

Gradually, the public attitude toward teaching about communism changed. During the late 1950s, more and more interest began to develop in a detailed treatment of this topic. In April of 1958, the official magazine of the National Council for the Social Studies Social Education, devoted an entire issue to this topic. This same year, the Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction collaborated with the Legislative Reference Service of the Library of Congress to produce an annotated bibliography of materials on communism for use in the secondary schools.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology, Foundations, and Leadership Studies


Department of Education and Psychology

First Advisor

Clifford L. Bishop


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (120 pages)



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