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Document Type

Research

Keywords

Stull Shale, Neochonetes granulifer

Abstract

The brachiopod Neochonetes granulifer (Owen) is inferred to be an “opportunistic species" of the Stull Shale Member, Kanwaka Formation (Upper Pennsylvanian) in southwestern Iowa. The "opportunism" of this species is restricted to Horizon B of the Stull, but this restriction is evidently masked by the abnormally high number of N.granulifer in Horizons C and D, its shells inferred to have been reworked from B. The presence of this species as an opportunist is characteristic of the high physiological stress on the community of Horizon B as evidenced by the low brachiopod (and overall) diversity. Neochonetes granulifer satisfies most of Levinton' s (1970) criteria for recognition of "explosive opportunists," primarily by its sudden "population explosion" in a narrow stratigraphic range, its dominance of the fauna by 95%, the poor sorting of its shell size fractions, and its presence in a relatively young, low diversity-community.

Publication Date

March 1976

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

83

Issue

1

First Page

20

Last Page

22

Copyright

© Copyright 1976 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

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