Archaeology, Iowa Prehistory, Effigy Mound Manifestation
The Effigy Mound manifestation ranks as one of the most poorly documented and understood prehistoric cultural phenomena in Iowa. As employed in this paper, the term Effigy Mound refers to the animal-shaped earthen mounds and the cultural activities of the prehistoric societies who constructed them. Although three major archaeological surveys have been conducted in northeastern Iowa, none has specifically emphasized the Effigy Mound manifestation. Consequently, there is a definite lack of mound data necessary for the construction of distribution patterns and cultural models relating to this manifestation. The Luther College Effigy Mound Survey of 1973 was undertaken for the purpose of defining a spatial distribution pattern for the Effigy Mound manifestation in Iowa and correlating this pattern with environmental factors, both constituting significant steps in the development of cultural models demonstrating process and function.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1976 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Mallam, R. Clark
"The Effigy Mound Manifestation in Iowa,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 82(3-4), 166-170.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol82/iss3/8