Evaluation of Job Applicants; Self-Descriptions
A study was conducted to determine how different types of information are combined to arrive at evaluations of hypothetical job applicants. Sixty subjects were asked to evaluate nine applicants for the position of elementary school principal. The information describing each applicant included a letter of self-description and from one to three letters from outside references. Results can be summarized as follows: (1) evaluative ratings of job applicants were directly related to the value (level of favorability) of the information contained in the outside letters of reference and the value of the information contained in the self-description; (2) the greater the number of favorable outside letters, the higher was the evaluation; (3) the relative weight or importance of a given self-description or outside reference was dependent upon the other pieces of information with which it was combined. A mathematical model which assumes that subjects average the values of the various types of information provided a good description of the applicant evaluation process.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1975 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Dolezal, Jeanette M. and Levin, Irwin P.
"The Integration of Self-Descriptions and Descriptions by Outside References in the Evaluation of Job Applicants,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 82(2), 140-143.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol82/iss2/16