White-tailed deer, Deer movements
Range and movement of 12 marked deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were studied at Pilot Knob State Park and surrounding lands from December, 1969, through May, 1972. Winter ranges of all marked deer included timber inside and outside the park and cropland outside the park. Deer generally bedded in timber during daylight and fed or bedded in croplands at night. Mean range of all marked deer was 283 acres. Range size varied from 49 to 1,129 acres. Mean known minimum daily movement (round trip) was 1.2 miles. Daily movement varied from 0.60 to 1.8 miles. Variables, tested by regression analysis for their unique effect on home range size, major axis length and known minimum daily movement, were: period, age, period by age interaction, sex, and age by sex interaction. There were no significant effects on range size or axis length at the 0.05 level. Period, period by age, sex, and age by sex interaction did affect minimum daily movement. There was evidence of immigration, emigration and migration for deer wintering in the park.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1974 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Zagata, Michael C. and Haugen, Arnold O.
"White-Tailed Deer Movement at Pilot Knob State Park, Iowa,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 81(2), 76-82.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol81/iss2/11