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Document Type

Research

Keywords

White-tailed deer, Deer movements

Abstract

Range and movement of 12 marked deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were studied at Pilot Knob State Park and surrounding lands from December, 1969, through May, 1972. Winter ranges of all marked deer included timber inside and outside the park and cropland outside the park. Deer generally bedded in timber during daylight and fed or bedded in croplands at night. Mean range of all marked deer was 283 acres. Range size varied from 49 to 1,129 acres. Mean known minimum daily movement (round trip) was 1.2 miles. Daily movement varied from 0.60 to 1.8 miles. Variables, tested by regression analysis for their unique effect on home range size, major axis length and known minimum daily movement, were: period, age, period by age interaction, sex, and age by sex interaction. There were no significant effects on range size or axis length at the 0.05 level. Period, period by age, sex, and age by sex interaction did affect minimum daily movement. There was evidence of immigration, emigration and migration for deer wintering in the park.

Publication Date

June 1974

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

81

Issue

2

First Page

76

Last Page

82

Copyright

© Copyright 1974 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

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