The uterine cervix of the white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, consists of the narrowed-down multiple-valved part between the vagina and the hollow thinner-walled uterus proper. The length of the cervix of a mature doe in December may vary from 40 mm to 84 mm. It is composed of four to six, but generally of five, heavily muscled valves with the openings through the valves alternating dorsally and ventrally. This arrangement of valves results in an undulating or twisted passageway through the cervix. Age and reproductive history influences variation in size. The inside surface of the cervix is covered with small longitudinal folds of tissue.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1964 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Morris, John E.
"Gross Structure of the Cervical Region of the Uterus of White-Tailed Deer,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 71(1), 241-247.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol71/iss1/39