•  
  •  
 

Document Type

Research

Abstract

Expansions of pure sodium and calcium montmorillonites due to absorption of water vapor were studied and the results were correlated with X-ray diffraction and free swelling studies. Specimens of various porosities were used. Results indicate that the uptake of water is a multimolecular physical adsorption phenomenon which justifies application of BET theory. Porosity of specimens did not appreciably affect their expansions due to adsorption of water vapor. Sodium montmorillonite expanded appreciably more than calcium montmorillonite. At near saturation vapor pressure, calcium montmorillonite has attained practically its maximum swelling, while sodium montmorillonite will expand further if exposed to liquid water. Free energies of wetting, calculated from adsorption isotherm data, do not directly reflect the extent of swelling but do reflect the uplift pressures developed. Sodium montmorillonite presents the more serious problem with respect to settlement, and calcium montmorillonite presents the more serious problem with respect to uplift pressures.

Publication Date

1963

Journal Title

Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

70

Issue

1

First Page

280

Last Page

289

Copyright

© Copyright 1963 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.