In classification and mapping of soils an interpretation of the natural drainage characteristics of the soil types is usually made. Some standard natural drainage classes used are poorly drained, imperfectly drained, moderately well- drained, and well-drained (1). Interpretation of the natural drainage of the soils is important from the agronomic standpoint, and also is basic to the soil classification scheme in present use. The natural drainage of a soil is interpreted mainly by inferences from the color and mottling of hydrated iron oxides in the subsoil. Few studies have been made of the nature and quantity of these iron oxides in soils. Extractable iron or "free iron" has been determined in a few well-drained Brunizem and Gray Brown Podzolic soils, and in several poorly drained Forested Planosols (2) (3) (4) (5). The purpose of this paper is to report data on free iron in several poorly drained prairie (Wiesenboden) soils and to compare these data with available data of other great soil groups in Iowa.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1957 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Simonson, G. H.; Prill, R. C.; and Riecken, F. F.
"Free Iron Distribution in Some Poorly Drained Prairie Soils in Iowa,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 64(1), 385-392.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol64/iss1/39