For the average layman to enter into a discussion involving psychological matters is surely a rather hazardous proceeding and indicates a temerity that needs some apology. Your speaker, although not a psychologist, has become greatly interested in the evidences of mind that have impressed themselves upon him in his study of animals, and has had his interest greatly stimulated by the perusal of the works of two writers, one of whom discusses animal psychology from the side of the naturalist, and the other from the side of the psychologist. With the latter writer I have been led into the most delightful correspondence involving a discussion of the question "Do the lower animals reason?” a question upon which I have been forced to differ from the gentleman in question.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Sciences
©1897 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Nutting, C. O.
"Do the Lower Animals Reason?,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 5(1), 188-198.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol5/iss1/22