Proper conditioning of atmospheres for carburizing, for heat treating, and for carrying out other high temperature metallurgical processes depends in general on control of each system with regard to its equilibrium conditions. In connection with steel processing, numerous investigations have been made to determine equilibrium conditions for the most common gas-steel reactions. One such reaction that has been studied extensively takes place when certain mixtures of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide come in contact with ordinary carbon steel at elevated temperatures. The purpose of this paper is to review some of the methods that have been used to represent equilibrium for this gas-steel reaction and to present a condensed but more comprehensive treatment of equilibrium for the system.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1942 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Wilhelm, H. A. and Gray, C. F.
"Representation of Equilibrium Conditions for the Carbon Monoxide - Carbon Dioxide - Steel System,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 49(1), 307-321.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol49/iss1/52