The study of the change in the liquid structure of water with concentration of strong electrolytes in solution has been extended to thirty-one cases. In all of them there is evidence, given by X-ray diffraction measurements, to indicate that the structure of water is modified similarly, and this is evidently an increase of density of the water with concentration of the ions. Moreover, there is a roughly constant quantitative relation between the influence by the wide concentration of ions on the density of the solvent and on the X-ray diffraction intensity distribution. In addition to the thirtyone cases of ions with apparent molal volume decreasing with concentration, KClO3, (NH4)2Cr2O7 and Ba(OH)2 seemed to show no similarity among themselves as to the effect on the liquid structure.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1940 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Stewart, G. W.
"Variation in the Liquid Structure of Water with the Solutions of Thirty Strong Electrolytes,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science: Vol. 47:
, Article 70.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol47/iss1/70