The enzymatic systems elaborated by micro-organisms permit them to catalyze chemical transformations some of which are difficult or impossible to effect by ordinary chemical methods. Although organisms induce chemical changes, the successful application of such enzymatic transformations on a practical scale necessitates, in addition to other factors, the selection of the organism appropriate for the desired reaction and the determination of the optimum conditions. The possible utilization of the fermentation products of the Acetobacter has stimulated interest in the transformations brought about by this group of bacteria. Without going into a detailed discussion, this paper indicates some activities exhibited by this group of micro-organisms. These acetic acid bacteria are motile or non-motile rod-shaped cells, which frequently occur in chains, and have been combined into the genus Acetobacter (1). The present confused state of classification is made apparent by recent studies on the physiological activities of the Acetobacter and a reclassification of this genus is necessary in order to definitely identify the species and thus permit better interpretations of the reported studies.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1940 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
"Chemical Transformations by Acetobacter,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 47(1), 127-134.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol47/iss1/18