In the southernmost tier of counties in Iowa, particularly in Jefferson, Van Buren, Wapello, Davis, Monroe, Appanoose, Lucas and Wayne counties there exist rather extensive natural forests of oak and other hardwood species. These counties lie within an area of considerable loessal soils. This part of the state has been designated in agricultural parlance as the southern Iowa pasture section. The relief of the land in these parts consists of a rather distinct upland plain lying generally about 1000 feet above sea-level. Dissection of this plain by drainage has resulted in numerous fingering and tortuous headwaters creating slopes or terraces, and flat to narrow ridges and bottoms of variable widths and patterns. The plain is composed of a number of soil types in; the Clinton silt loam, the Lindley silt loam, the Edina, the Marion and Grundy silt loams, etc. The Clinton silt loam is one of the most prevalent upland loess soils; it has a light gray yellow and buff color and a loose texture. It over-lies much of the loose and erosive Lindley drift soil which comprises a goodly proportion of the slope land. Some upland sections contain small quantities of the whitish Edina and powdery Marion soils. In the bottoms we find generally deep accumulations of the dark and fertile Wabash silt loam.
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1939 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Larsen, J. A. and Dilworth, J. R.
"Notes on the Forests of Southern Iowa,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 46(1), 141-147.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol46/iss1/17