In 1823 Robert Brown used the name Symphoria occidentalis in John Richardson's "Botanical Appendix to the 'Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea' by Captain John Franklin." Brown did not make the name valid by description or illustration. William Jackson Hooker, ten years later, in his "Flora Boreali Americana" first used the combination Symphoricarpus occidentalis which we now accept, and established the name by the following (translated) description: "With the corolla inside and the lobes densely hairy; with the style and stamens sub-exserted."
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science
©1930 Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Smith, Florence D.
"Identification of Symphoricarpus Occidentalis,"
Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science, 37(1), 127-130.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/pias/vol37/iss1/26