Cancer is the second leading cause of death among children ages zero to 15 in the United States (Gouveia-Vigeant & Tickner, 2003, p. 1). Rates for childhood cancer have increased nearly 21 percent between 1975 and 1998 (Gouveia-Vigeant & Tickner, p. 1). Multiple factors can be attributed to this increase. Possible explanations include: increased surveillance, changes in diagnostic criteria, improvements in medical imaging and diagnostic techniques, genetic predisposition as well as environmental factors. Experts recently concluded that genetic predisposition accounts for no more than 20 percent of all childhood cancers (Gouveia-Vigeant & Tickner, p. 1). While this demonstrates a significant contribution, it leaves the majority of cancer etiology unexplained.
International Journal of Global Health and Health Disparities
©2005 International Journal of Global Health and Health Disparities
Hill, Sara Jo
"Childhood Cancer Rates and Exposure to Vehicle Pollutants,"
International Journal of Global Health and Health Disparities, 4(1), 52-59.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/ijghhd/vol4/iss1/6