Field and ethnographic data are utilized to illustrate that significant contamination of rural wells with nitrates, bacteria and protozoa both currently and in the past are fertile ground for the development of myths surrounding spirit and blood stealing mythical creatures. The very real problem of methemoglobinemia, an environmentally induced hypoxia, in rural Transylvania is an ideal situation for physiological confirmation of and, perhaps, cultural etiology determination of the myth of vampirism. Ethnographic accounts of vampire and werewolf myths are correlated with the field data.
International Journal of Global Health and Health Disparities
©2005 International Journal of Global Health and Health Disparities
Zeman, Catherine L.; Seuleanu, Ioan; Sinca, Miheal; Sinca, Alin; Moga, Daniella; and Vlad, Mariana
"Environmental Illness May Have Contributed to the Origins of Transylvanian Vampire Myths,"
International Journal of Global Health and Health Disparities, 3(2), 29-39.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uni.edu/ijghhd/vol3/iss2/4