Honors Program Theses


Open Access Honors Program Thesis

First Advisor

Adam Butler


Today, full-time college students are working part- or full-time jobs while attending classes. The demands of work, added to the already high demands of college, may result in negative effects on the individual. However, some aspects of working may lead to positive effects. Previous research has largely focused on the effects of job demands on school performance and other outcomes in adolescents. Current research is lacking in studying the effects of working on college students. The purpose of this thesis project was to research workschool congruence (similarities between aspects of a student's college studies and aspects of their employment), and its influence on perceived job and school engagement and academic performance. Work-school congruence was measured using the constructs of supplementary and complementary fit. It was hypothesized that supplementary and complementary fit would be positively correlated to work engagement, school engagement and academic achievement. There were 120 participants in this study from a convenience sample of four University of Northern Iowa psychology courses. Participants who were currently employed completed a self-report survey measuring: demographics, supplementary fit, complementary fit, work engagement, school engagement, and academic achievement. Results showed that only school engagement was significantly related to work-school congruence.

Year of Submission



Department of Psychology

University Honors Designation

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation University Honors


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to scholarworks@uni.edu and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (27 pages)



File Format