Honors Program Theses


Open Access Honors Program Thesis

First Advisor

Kevin Droe, Honors Thesis Advisor, School of Music


Musical instruments for people with disabilities; Music therapy for children;


The purposes of this study were to (1) create a categorized listing of adaptive instruments divided into categories that can help music therapists decide which clients can utilize them and for what purposes and (2) evaluate the anticipated enjoyment and sound rating of a select number of adaptive electronic instruments. For Part 1 of this study, children with special needs, with the help of their parents, were invited to take part in a questionnaire related to the impression of four select adaptive instruments (Light Block, Skoog, JamBoxx, SpecDrums). Participants were asked to watch videos of the four instruments and rate each for anticipated level of enjoyment and quality of sound. Based on the results, the participants rated the SpecDrums the highest and the Skoog the lowest. For Part 2 of this study, homemade adaptations, adaptive instruments, engineered adaptations, and apps were categorized by who can use them and how they’re used. This allows music therapists to easily locate instruments that will work for their clients. Recommendations for music therapists and music educators are discussed.

Year of Submission



School of Music

University Honors Designation

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation University Honors

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (46 pages)



File Format


Included in

Music Therapy Commons