Faculty Publications

Document Type

Article

Keywords

Exercise, Exhaustion scale, Rasch model, Development

Journal/Book/Conference Title Title

Psychology of Sport and Exercise

Volume

15

Issue

6

First Page

569

Last Page

579

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study to report on the development and psychometric analysis of a scale to measure post exercise exhaustion.

Design: This study utilised the Rasch measurement model for the psychometric analysis of a new scale aimed at measuring acute onset exhaustion in athletes.

Method: An extensive literature review, feedback from athletes and an expert panel from educators in psychology, sports science and exercise physiology provided feedback on the scale, providing evidence of content validity. A final survey, consisting of the 25 items and completed by three hundred and seventynine athletes (Sport: 187 tri-athletes and 192 cyclists; gender: 211 males, and 168 females; age: 18e25 [31], 26e35 [114], 36e45 [120], and 46þ [114]), was submitted to Rasch analysis.

Results: After amendments a final 14 item scale provided internally consistent and reliable measures of exhaustion for participants. The items of the final scale have good fit, and the scale has high PSI providing statistical evidence of reliability. The scale could benefit from items dealing with mid-range levels of exhaustion. The correlational association between the new scale and a similar scale was positive and significant correlation adding to the evidence of the validity of the new scale.

Conclusions: The scale appears to be a valuable tool for the assessment of exercise-induced acute onset exhaustion and may be an attractive option for researchers, clinicians, and coaches seeking to measure the levels of exhaustion in individuals. In addition to its valid theoretical structure and sound psychometric properties, the scale has advantages over other exhaustion or fatigue scales as it is not disease-specific.

Department

School of Kinesiology, Allied Health, and Human Services

Comments

First published in Psychology of Sport and Exercise, v. 15 n.6 (2014), pp. 569-579, published by Elsevier Ltd. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.06.003

Original Publication Date

2014

DOI of published version

10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.06.003

Repository

UNI ScholarWorks, University of Northern Iowa, Rod Library

Date Digital

2014

Copyright

©2014 Mark D. Hecimovich, Jeremiah J. Peifffer, and Allen G. Harbaugh. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND. license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

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