Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Attachment disorder in children--Etiology; Attachment disorder in children--Treatment;
When children experience extreme chronic trauma as a result of the effects of the disruption of healthy attachment patterns, a disorder known as Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) can develop. The importance for mental health counselors to understand the etiology of RAD cannot be overemphasized. Symptoms most often associated with this disorder include the inability to trust, failure to develop intimate relationships, or show affection, lack of self-confidence, low self-esteem, and anti-social behaviors and attitudes (Levy & Orlans, 1998 as cited in Sheperis, Renfro-Michel, & Doggett, 2003). Highlighting the foundational work of Erikson, Harlow, Bowlby, and Ainsworth includes a brief overview of research studies in which several theorists have made important contributions to the work of attachment theory.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Educational Leadership, Counseling, and Postsecondary Education
John K. Smith
1 PDF file (26 pages)
©2005 Kathryn H. Hedican
Hedican, Kathryn H., "Overview of attachment disorder and effective treatments for children" (2005). Graduate Research Papers. 816.