Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The rates of use of illegal drugs by youth in the United States is higher than in any other industrialized country in the world (Suffia, 1986). In a recent survey (Johnston & O'Malley, 1986) 1,600 high school seniors reported that: 5% used marijuana daily, 17% had tried cocaine (the highest rate ever recorded), 20% had used amphetamines sometime in their lifetimes. Ninety-three percent of all high school seniors surveyed had tried alcohol while 73% reported drinking heavily within two weeks prior to the survey. Although, except for cocaine use, these figures are lower than for previous years, trends, such as earlier age of initiation and an increase in multiple drug usage, add to the concern about drug abuse among adolescents (Kandel, 1981; Clayton & Ritter, 1985; Johnston & O'Malley, 1986).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Audrey L. Smith


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