Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Flipped classrooms; Low-income students;


This purpose of this research is to determine whether using a flipped classroom is as effective for students in low-income schools as it is for students in wealthy school districts. A review of the literature is performed to determine what is the underlying philosophy of using a flipped classroom as well as determining barriers that may inhibit its effectiveness.

Control and treatment groups were determined so that data could be compared between a “traditional” classroom and a “flipped” classroom. The students in the treatment group were given a Pre-Unit Survey to determine a baseline of their perceptions of flipped learning. The students also completed the same survey after experiencing a flipped unit. The control and treatment groups were given a common assessment to compare their mastery of the content. A sub-group of the flipped learners were interviewed after the unit to gain deeper insight to their perceptions.

Although the sample size was too small to show a statistical difference between control and treatment groups, the Pre- and Post-Unit Surveys showed an increase in preference for flipped learning as well as an increase in perceived effectiveness of flipped classroom

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Science Education Program

First Advisor

John Ophus, Advisor

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (iii, 41 pages)



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