Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Today a major topic of conversation with administrators and teachers is teacher empowerment. Many people have their own beliefs on what constitutes teacher empowerment. one basic definition is that teacher empowerment is placing greater responsibility in the hands of teachers for the designs and delivery of educational strategies (Erlandson & Bifano, 1987). In one attempt to define empowerment in terms of a projected outcome, Gore (1989) indicated that empowerment was an end state hence he implied that empowerment is a goal or vision. Lightfoot (1985) on the other hand views empowerment as a process. He indicated that empowerment consists of a practice and expression, a more fluid state, a negotiable organizational structure, and relationships that are fundamentally symmetrical.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Dale R. Jackson


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