Graduate Research Papers
Measuring depth of understanding when using smartphones as cognitive tools in the elementary classroom
Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Educational technology; Education, Elementary -- Data processing;
The intent of this research was to measure how students' depth of understanding was affected by using smartphones in an elementary classroom, and what effects these cognitive tools had on students' abilities to express their level of understanding of the unit on Earth Changes. This empirical research took place for six weeks in the fall of 2011 with a class of eighteen Caucasian boys and girls of middle to low income economic status in a small town in Iowa. Students were a given a pre-test using traditional paper and pencil. Participants were split into two groups-with one group using traditional paper and pencil to do their assignments and the other group using smartphones. After approximately three weeks, students took the post-test; then the groups switched. A linear regression model was used to study the data from the research. The test demonstrated with 95% confidence that using mobile computing devices had a positive effect on test scores.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Division of Instructional Technology
Leigh E. Zeitz
1 PDF file (55 leaves)
©2012 Lisa Westcott Schaa
Schaa, Lisa Westcott, "Measuring depth of understanding when using smartphones as cognitive tools in the elementary classroom" (2012). Graduate Research Papers. 3269.
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