Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


School size;


The population of students housed in each school building, otherwise referred to as "school size," has increased tremendously over the last 50 years in the United States (Robertson, 2001). The purpose of this literature review was to look at school size and the effect that it has on students' academic performance to help K-12 advocates determine whether small schools or large schools are better for students academically. The literature examined for this study includes research done within the last 25 years pertaining to school size and academic performance. This literature review defines small schools and large schools and provides recommendations for ways to effectively decrease school size, since the literature indicates that students in schools with small student populations. "small schools,'' academically outperform or perform as well as students in schools with large student populations, "large schools." This literature review revealed that school size reduction and schools-within-schools were effective ways to reduce school size to help students achieve better academically.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction


Division of Middle Level Education

First Advisor

Jean Suchsland Schneider

Second Advisor

Donna H. Schumacher Douglas


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Date Original


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1 PDF file (30 leaves)



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