Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Studies have found that minorities have been portrayed in a stereotyped image in children's picture books. Since the elderly have been considered a minority group, this study examined the portrayal of the elderly in picture books to determine if a stereotyped image is present. Content analysis was performed on thirty-three books. A worksheet was devised which contained the four main categories main character, function or role, physical appearance, and personality descriptors. Sub-categories for each main category were also provided on the worksheet. Frequency of occurrence for each category or sub-category was then recorded on the worksheet. After the analysis was completed, a composite tally was made. Figures indicated that the elderly were portrayed as a main character in 86 percent of the books analyzed. This high percentage was believed to have been present because of the use of an analytic picture book index. Figures also indicated that a stereotyped image of the elderly is present in picture books for each of the three main categories function or role, physical appearance and personality descriptors.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Library Science

First Advisor

Leah Hiland


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this graduate research paper and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit an email request to Include your name and clearly identify the thesis by full title and author as shown on the work.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (iii, 34 pages)