Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


During the past several years the idea of predictable life transitions as playing a very significant part in both the development and the well being of individuals has gained wide acceptance. The purpose of this study will be to survey existing literature relating to the transitional period which usually occurs during the preadolescent years (ages 9-13). A secondary focus will be upon implications for the school counselor who works with this age group. Transitions and transitional periods refer to changes or interruptions in an individual's, family's, and/or institution's pattern of development which serve to connect earlier and later ways of being. Brammer and Abrego (1981), Adams, Hayes, and Hopson (1976), Nichols (1984), and Schlossberg (1987) agree that a transition is a period of "inbetween" in which a particular discontinuity occurs, causing a need for personal awareness and the establishment of new beliefs or roles. Transitions occur all during a human being's life span and include personal, social, physical, and intellectual adjustments from birth to death.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Audrey L. Smith


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