Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


The 100% to 700% increases in divorces affecting children, reported child abuse cases, and suicides have intensified pressures on American youth in the last two decades (U.S. Bureau of Census, 1980, 1982). Such pressures compound children's concerns about who they are and what worth they have to themselves and to others (Seegrist, 19 82) • Because of the heightened stress on youth and the resulting large additional demands on their school counselors' time, counselors have been under pressure to devise ways to deal with these additional responsibilities and concomitantly effectively manage the remaining myriad components of their counseling programs. Successful community programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous, Weight Watchers, and Big-Brothers/ Big-Sisters prompted some people to believe that this concept of peer counseling, which is a process in which non-certified, trained, and supervised individuals offer listening, support, alternatives, and other verbal and nonverbal interactions to members of a similar group seeking assistance (Mamarchev, 1981), could be adapted to fit the needs of school counseling programs (Buck, 1977; Heit, 1977).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Audrey L. Smith


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