Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Over the last forty years, education in the United States has undergone several changes. In the 1950's the understood focus of secondary public education was college preparation for those few students who could afford the advances of a higher education. Most high school students did not expect to, and did not go on to college or to the university. During and after the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's, the federal and state governments seriously began to look at the question of equal opportunity in public school education. In the aftermath of the social upheaval of the Civil Rights Movement, public education began to open up areas of opportunity regardless of race or sex. During the 1970's and 80's, policies aimed at creating equal opportunity were formulated and begun; funds were made available to local school districts by federal and state agencies (along with accompanying mandates) to accomplish this mission (C. Moore, personal communication, July 21, 1989). The 1980's and the first part of the 1990's marked efforts by federal and state governments to create equal opportunity for "at-risk" students; a population including both the physically, emotionally, and mentally disabled.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Dale R. Jackson


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