Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


This research paper will review current research concerning the acquisition, transparency, and recall of various types of symbol sets and their use as part of an augmentative and adaptive communication (AAC) system for students with severe mental disabilities. The types of symbols sets include: Object symbol sets (nonidentical objects, miniature objects), Photographic symbol sets (identical colored photographs, nonidentical colored photographs, black-and-white photographs), Graphic symbol sets [Picuture Communication Symbols (PCS), Picsyms, Rebus, Self-Talk, and Blisssymbols], and Orthographic symbol sets (written words). It will look at the rate of acquisition, transparency, & recall of these symbol sets. Recommendations will be made concerning the effectiveness of types of symbol sets as a means of communication for students with severe mental disabilities.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sharon E. Smaldino


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (39 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons