Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Art therapy; Humanistic psychotherapy;


Because verbalization is our primary mode of communication we are more adept at manipulating and more facile in saying what we want to say and refraining from saying what we don't want to say than through other communicative modes. Art is a less customary communicative vehicle for most people and therefore less amenable to control. Unexpected things may burst forth in a 1 picture ••• sometimes totally contrary to the intentions of its creator. This is one of the most exciting potentialities in art therapy. Unexpected recognitions often form the leading edge of insight, learning, and growth. (Cook, 1991, p. 522) Because therapists and counselors are beginning to realize the potential for the use of art in a therapeutic setting, the implementation of art therapy has grown in the past 20 years (Rubin, 1988). The use of art as a therapeutic tool began in the psychiatric hospitals where patients tended to have a need for sane creative outlet. As outpatients, people were asked to draw as a means of trying to uncover subconscious thoughts (Rubin, 1988).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education


Department of Educational Administration and Counseling

First Advisor

Terry Kottman


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Date Original


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