Graduate Research Papers


Open Access Graduate Research Paper


Across the nation there exists many housing communities that have poorly maintained, run down, and/or vandalized external properties. These communities, although strongly manipulated by the amount of public monies that circulate within them, may not solely be the direct result of such economic influences. But rather, these external living conditions may be the result of a lack of education, organization, and motivation on the part of the people of these communities. This lack of education, organization, and motivation may result in the neglect and poor maintenance of external properties and grounds in such areas as: condemned housing that may be boarded up but not torn down; in-operational vehicles that have been left on city streets; trash and garbage dispersed throughout neighborhoods; overgrown weeds in yards; inadequate maintenance of homes and living facilities (pealing paint, broken drain spouts, and unsafe stairs and exits), and vandalized public and private property.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Master of Arts


Department of Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Sharon E. Smaldino


If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have it removed from the Open Access Collection, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (39 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons