Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Over the past 25 years, elementary school guidance has come into being and struggled to develop its own character. While its secondary school counterpart was born from the need for vocational guidance and grew to provide both educational guidance and career development (Aubrey, 1982), elementary school guidance has come to be characterized increasingly by a developmental approach (Muro & Miller, 1983). In 1977, Struck surveyed publications of state departments of education throughout the United States and found that philosophies of elementary school guidance in most of these states described their programs as developmental in nature, focused on meeting individual needs, preventative, ongoing, provided for all children, and part of a total school effort.
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Educational Administration and Counseling
Robert L. Frank
1 PDF file (24 leaves)
©1985 Bonita Marie Dahlhauser
Dahlhauser, Bonita Marie, "Developmental guidance: Teacher role and competencies" (1985). Graduate Research Papers. 2376.