Open Access Graduate Research Paper
Mathematics -- Study and teaching (Middle school); Manipulatives (Education);
Educational leaders continually search for ways to improve the quality of learning for that special group of students we call middle level. Middle schools have worked to establish a unique program for making the transition from elementary to high school for young adolescents between the ages of ten and fifteen. Students at this age often make firm decisions about how and whether to continue their study of mathematics. Nowhere is the teaching of mathematics more challenging than during these years of transition (Leitzel, 1991 ).
Year of Submission
Master of Arts in Education
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Greg P. Stefanich
1 PDF file (37 leaves)
©1993 Connie Bruns
Bruns, Connie, "Manipulatives: Are they necessary for middle level learners?" (1993). Graduate Research Papers. 2169.